Ginseng enhances the overall circulatory patterns in the body, which brings fresh oxygen to major regions and improves cellular energy production. It also helps calm and balance the adrenal function, allowing for optimal stress hormone release. This mechanism has been shown to improve blood sugar signaling in individuals with diabetes and boost energy levels in those with chronic fatigue syndrome.
It has also been thought to strengthen the digestive system, facilitate liver regeneration and detoxify poisons. It also boosts red blood cell formation and has the ability to prevent or help to eliminate anemia. It also enhances blood flow to the brain, which reduces inflammatory neurodegenerative states and improves creative thinking and memory.
While there are several different types of Ginseng, Red Panax Ginseng is considered to be the most powerful. It is thought in Oriental Medicine to have the yang qualities of warming, stimulating and energizing. This is due to the increased Rg1:Rb1 ratio. Rg1 is a stimulant of the central nervous system while Rb1 is a depressant of the central nervous system. This is the biochemical rationale for the increased stimulation people get from Chinese or Asian ginseng.
Chinese or Asian ginseng is particularly good for those with cold hands, low energy, low libido and mental lethargy. The increased central nervous system activity will benefit these conditions.